Fire Blight Susceptibility in Apple Cultivars and Rootstocks

Highly Susceptible

Fire blight management needed.

Highly Susceptible
Highly Susceptible
Apple Cultivar
Source
Apple Rootstock
Source
Barry
2, 6
M.26
1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Ben Davis
2, 6
M.27
2, 3, 4, 6
Braeburn
2, 6
M.9
2, 3, 4, 5
Burgundy
2, 6
Mark
2, 3, 4
Fuji
2, 5, 6, 7
Ottawa 3
1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Gala (all strains)
2, 5, 6, 7
P.2, 16, 22
2, 3, 4
Ginger Gold
2, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Golden Russet
6
 
 
Granny Smith
2, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Idared
2, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Jonagold
2, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Jonathan
2, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Lady Apple
4
 
 
Lodi
2, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Monroe
4, 6
 
 
Mutsu (Crispin)
2, 4, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Niagara
2, 4, 6
 
 
Nittany
2, 4, 6
 
 
NY 674
4
 
 
Paula Red / Dandee Red
2, 4, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Pink Lady
5, 6
 
 
Raritan
2, 4, 6
 
 
Red Yorking
2, 4, 6
 
 
R.I. Greening
2, 5, 6
 
 
Rome Beauty
2, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Ruby Frost (NY 2)
4
 
 
Spigold
2, 6, 7
 
 
Starr
2, 4, 6
 
 
Suncrisp
4
 
 
Twenty Ounce
2, 6, 7
 
 
Tydeman
4
 
 
Yellow Transparent
2, 4, 6
 
 
York Imperial
2, 4, 6
 
 

 

Moderately Susceptible

Fire blight management usually needed where disease is prevalent.

Moderately Susceptible
Moderately Susceptible
Apple Cultivar
Source
Apple Rootstock
Source
Ambrosia
4
Antonovka 313
2
Arlet
4
B.118
1, 4
Baldwin
2, 4, 6
Bud. 9
2, 3, 4, 5
Beacon
2, 6, 7
G.11
1, 2, 5, 6
Cameo
3, 7
G.935
6
Cortland
2, 4, 6, 7
MM. 106
2, 3, 4
Creston (BC815-10)
3, 4, 7
MM. 111
3, 4
Earligold
2, 4, 6
M.7
3, 6
Enterprise
5, 6, 7
P.18
1, 2
Fortune
7
 
 
Gloster
2, 4, 6
 
 
Goldrush
4, 7
 
 
Golden Delicious
2, 4, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Golden Supreme
7
 
 
Gravenstein Holly
2, 4, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Grimes Golden
2, 5, 6
 
 
Honeycrisp
7
 
 
Jerseymac
2, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Jonafree
6, 7
 
 
Jonamac
2, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Julyred
2, 4, 5, 6
 
 
Macoun
2, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Maiden Blush
2, 4, 6
 
 
McIntosh
2, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Milton
2, 4, 5, 6
 
 
Minneiska (SweeTango)
4
 
 
Mollies Delicious
2, 4, 5, 6
 
 
Northern Spy
2, 5, 6, 7
 
 
NY 674 (Autumn Crisp)
7
 
 
NY 75414-1
7
 
 
Orin
7
 
 
Pinova
5, 6
 
 
Pioneer Mac
3, 7
 
 
Pristine
7
 
 
Puritan
2, 4, 6
 
 
Quinte
2, 4, 6
 
 
Redfree
2, 4, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Sansa
3, 7
 
 
Scotia
2, 4, 6
 
 
SnapDragon (NY 1)
4
 
 
Spartan
2, 6, 7
 
 
Spijon
2, 4
 
 
Starkspur (Delicious)
7
 
 
Starkspur Earliblaze
2, 4, 6
 
 
Stayman
2, 4, 7
 
 
Summer Rambo
2, 4
 
 
Summerred
2, 4, 6
 
 
Sunrise
3, 7
 
 
Wayne
2, 4, 6
 
 
Wealthy
2, 6
 
 
Winesap
2, 4, 6
 
 
Zestar!
4
 
 

 

Least Susceptible

Fire blight management needed only under high disease pressure or not needed.

Least Susceptible
Least Susceptible
Apple Cultivar
Source
Apple Rootstock
Source
Arkansas Black
2, 4, 6
G.16
2, 3
Britemac
2, 4, 6
G.202
1, 3
Carroll
2, 4, 6
G.210
1, 2, 3, 6
Delicious
2, 6, 7
G.214
1, 3, 6
Empire
2, 6, 7
G.222
1, 3, 6
Freedom
5, 6
G.30
2, 3, 4, 6
Haralson
5, 6
G.41
1, 3
Jamba
2, 4, 6
G.65
2, 3, 4
Liberty
2, 5, 6, 7
G.814
3, 6
Macfree
5, 6, 7
G.890
3, 6
Melba
2, 4, 6
G.969
1, 3, 6
Melrose
5, 6
V.1
1, 3
Early McIntosh
4, 7
 
 
Murray
5
 
 
Northwestern Greening
2, 4, 6
 
 
Nova Easygrow
5, 6
 
 
Novamac
5
 
 
Prima
6, 7
 
 
Priscilla
2, 5, 6, 7
 
 
Smoothee (Golden Delicious)
6
 
 
Stark Bounty
2, 6, 7
 
 
Stark Splendor
2, 6, 7
 
 
Turley
2, 4, 6
 
 
Viking
2, 7
 
 
Wellington
2, 4
 
 
Cultivar Susceptibility Unknown
 
Acey Mac
 
Elliot
 
Senshu
 
Shizuka
 
Sources of information on cultivar susceptibility to fire blight:
1 - Michigan State University Web site, Nancy J. Butler, “Disease on Apples”.
2 - West Virginia University, Kearneysville website, K.S. Yoder and A.R. Biggs.
3 - Steven Miller and Alan Biggs in NE183 plot, West Virginia.
4 - Other field observations (private consultants, faculty and Extension educators).
5 - Purdue University, Janna Beckerman, "Disease Susceptibility of Common Apple Cultivars".
6 - Colorado State University, R.D Koski and W.R Jacobi, "Fire Blight".
7 - Breth, D.I., Reddy, M.V.B., Norelli, J., and Aldwinckle, H. 2000. Successful fire blight control is in the details. NY Fruit Quarterly 8(1):6-12.
 
Sources of information on rootstock susceptibility to fire blight:
1 - Robert Crassweller and James Schupp, Penn State, “Apple Rootstocks." extension.psu.edu/plants/tree-fruit/tfpg
2 - Paul Domoto, Department of Horticulture, Iowa State University, and Jim Cummins, Cornell University. "Characteristics of Apple Rootstock." www.ars.usda.gov/northeast-area/geneva-ny/plant-genetic-resources-research/docs/characteristics-of-apple-rootstock/
3 - R.D Koski and W.R. Jacobi, Colorado State University, "Fire Blight." extension.colostate.edu/docs/pubs/garden/02907.pdf
4 - Janna Beckerman, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, "Fire Blight on Fruit Trees in the Home Orchard"
5 - Russo, N.L., Robinson, T.L., Fazio, G., and Aldwinckle, H.S. 2007. Field evaluation of 64 apple rootstocks for orchard performance and fire blight resistance. HortScience 42(7):1517-1525.
6 - Other field observations (private consultants, faculty and Extension educators).

2017 Compiled by Nicole Mattoon and Juliet Carroll, NYS IPM Program